Jingzhou Museum was founded in 1958. There are more than 130,000 relics in the museum. They include bronze, pottery, lacquer, silk fabrics, jade, bamboo slips, china and so on. The exhibitions are “The Exhibition of Relics in Prehistory”, “The Exhibition of Bronze in Jianghan Plain”, “The Exhibition of Bamboo Slips Excavated in Jingzhou”, “The Exhibition of Jade Excavated in Xiongjiazhong Tomb”, and “The Treasure House”.
The whole museum covers an area of 50,000 m2, which include display building, treasure house, office building, relic store and an old temple.
There are 105 workers in the museum, and 20 of them are professors. Especially the relic protection professors are very famous in the whole China, for the skill of lacquer.
The propaganda and education in our museum is also very active. We carry out lots of activities with students and schools.
The Exhibition of Ancient Bronzes Discovered in Jianghan Plain
As the civilized centre, Jiang Han Plain covered by a large area around Yangtze River and Han River and it was full of food, covenant of traffic and the perfect place in wars.
In Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, Chu State was one of the largest states in ancient China, and the culture here was developed.
Bronzes could prove how diligent and intelligent the ancient people are.
In the exhibition, there are the best of the collection of ancient bronzes discovered in Jiang Han Plain.
The Exhibition of Relics in Prehistory
Archaeologists have been working in Jingzhou which is located in Jianghan Plain since 1950s. They excavated some areas and got large quantity of relics in prehistory as a result, which helped them learn the development of local prehistory, as well as explore the original civilization of middle reaches of Yangtse River.
The civilization of prehistory in Jianghan Plain is divided into two parts, that in the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age. The Paleolithic Age was dated back to 12,000 years before present.
The relics in No.1 Xiejiaqiao Tomb（temporary exhibition）
Last November, the Archaeologists in Jingzhou Museum excavated a tomb which had been dug by thieves, and named it No.1 Xiejiaqiao Tomb. The relics in that tomb were in large quantity and good styles; what’s more, they were perfectly preserved.
No.1 Xiejiaqiao Tomb was now in Qinghe Country, Guanju Town, Shashi District, Jingzhou City. However, in Qin and Han Dynasty, it was about 2km east to the Ying County, and about 5.5km northwest to the Jinan County. In 1970s, the Taihugang riverway was across the tombs, so a bridge named Xiejiaqiao was built over it. No.1 Xiejiaqiao Tomb was on the hillock northwest to the bridge.
Exhibition of Ancient Characters Excavated in Jingzhou
Chinese character is the most widely used language in the world, and it lasted for more than 3000 years. Early in Shang Dynasty——3500 B.P., our ancestors carved on the tortoise shell or scapula, and left us the earliest characters. After that, people carved on the bronze in West Zhou Dynasty.
But in the Spring and Autumn Period, as it developed in society and permeated in education, new writing materials were wanted. Bamboo and wood became the new material, and people wrote with brush and ink. They cut the bamboo or wood into two kinds, the slimmer one——maybe a piece, we called it “Jian”; While we the wider one “Du”.
It is recorded that people used bamboo or wood to write early in Shang Dynasty. However, the archeologists haven’t found any relic to prove. The earliest relic only dated back to Warring State Period. The characters in that period were divided into two kinds: one was used in Chu State while the other was used in Qin State. During the excavation, the former was more.
In Qin and Han Dynasties, bamboo and wood were popular used in writing. The calligraphy was also developing quickly. However, in east Han Dynasty, paper was invented and it was much cheaper than bamboo or wood. In Jin Dynasty, bamboo and wood were totally replaced by other material.
During the excavating in Jingzhou, we got lots of characters on bamboo or wood. They were about politics, law, economics, history, phynosphy, medicine and so on. We put the typical ones on show.